Digest

Study: Long-term PPI use may lower risk of esophageal cancer

posted Dec 5, 2013, 2:30 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky

A Mayo Clinic review of seven observational studies found Barrett's esophagus patients taking proton pump inhibitors may have a lower risk of developing esophageal cancer. The data showed the protection was seen after at least two to three years of PPI use.

Baby boomer veterans have highest prevalence of HCV

posted Jul 22, 2013, 2:31 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky

A retrospective study of veterans found those who were born from 1945 to 1965 had the highest prevalence of hepatitis C infection and the highest anti-HCV levels, when compared with other birth cohorts. The researchers wrote that the higher prevalence among baby boomer veterans "substantiates the disproportionate disease burden that underpins the CDC recommendation for birth cohort screening and supports the birth cohort emphasis." Healio

Research links diet to risk of CRC

posted Jul 22, 2013, 2:24 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky

High intake of sugar-sweetened foods and beverages may increase the risk of colorectal cancer, according to research from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The study included analysis of more than 170 foods and compared the diets of 2,063 people in Scotland who had colorectal cancer against the diets of 2,776 healthy individuals. The research divided the groups by eating pattern, finding that people who ate an abundance of fruits and vegetables had lower risk of developing cancer, while those who ate lots of meat, sugar and fat had higher risk. Medical News Today

Study links higher BMI to risk of gallstones

posted Jul 18, 2013, 3:00 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky

A population-based study linked increased BMI with a higher risk of gallstones, especially in women. The Danish researchers also found that patients who had greater genetic predisposition to obesity also had a higher risk of increased BMI and developing gallstones. They said the data represent one more reason "for lifestyle interventions aimed at weight loss among overweight and obese individuals in the general population." MedPage Today (free registration)

Review finds variable, increasing prevalence of celiac disease

posted Jul 18, 2013, 2:58 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky

A review of data from 266 studies showed variable prevalence of celiac disease worldwide, ranging from 8.1 to 204 cases per 100,000 people of all ages. Rates varied by geographic location, but almost all studies that looked at trends over time found an increase in diagnoses among children. Healio

The microbes in your gut are uniquely yours, study suggests

posted Jul 17, 2013, 8:12 PM by Yevgeniy Ostrinsky   [ updated Jul 18, 2013, 2:57 PM ]

New research adds to increasing evidence that the microbes carried in the human gastrointestinal tract have a significant impact on health. "These results reveal that the majority of the bacterial strains in an individual's microbiota persist for years, and suggest that our gut colonizers have the potential to shape many aspects of our biological features for most and in some cases all of our lives," wrote the researchers. They found that the makeup of an individual's gut flora was largely stable over time, and unique to individuals, although related people tended to share some species of bacteria. NBC News 

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